The knee joint is the largest joint in the body, consisting of 4 bones and an extensive network of ligaments and muscles. Injuries to the knee joint are amongst the most common in sporting activities and understanding the anatomy of the joint is fundamental in understanding any subsequent pathology.
The knee is a joint that has three compartments. This joint has an inner (medial) and an outer (lateral) compartment. The kneecap (patella) joins the femur to form a third compartment called the patellofemoral joint. The thigh bone (femur) meets the large shinbone (tibia) forming the main knee joint.
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joint.
The meniscus is a thickened cartilage pad between the two joints formed by the femur and tibia. The meniscus acts as a smooth surface for motion and absorbs the load of the body above the knee when standing. The knee joint is surrounded by fluid-filled sacs called bursae, which serve as gliding surfaces that reduce friction of the tendons. Below the kneecap, there is a large tendon (patellar tendon) which attaches to the front of the tibia bone. There are large blood vessels passing through the area behind the knee (referred to as the popliteal space). The large muscles of the thigh move the knee. In the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles extend the knee joint. In the back of the thigh, the hamstring muscles flex the knee. The knee also rotates slightly under guidance of specific muscles of the thigh.
Do you have pain in your knee? For example during exercise, or perhaps only after exercise. Any pain in the body is annoying, including knee complaints. The knee complains can occur in every age and intensity of sport. Elderly people often suffer from chronic knee complaints. So, make sure that your knee complaints do not become chronic and prevent a prosthesis at a later age. Have your knee examined and / or treated quickly, because everyone wants to grow old and fit.
There is no scientific evidence that knee surgery can resolve knee problems. On the contrary: scientific studies indicate that not operating is at least as effective as operating. We have been able to resolve complaints without surgery for many people who already had an appointment for surgery.
What physiotherapy can do
By means of new therapeutic tests, we often know after examination where and what the cause is. In general the treatment plan involves a fitness program with the physiotherapist. You are gaining strength, coordination, balance for improving the muscles around the knee joint. We have good results within a few weeks training. Most people, including patients who were already on the list for surgery, are free of pain with treatments according to our method.